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Table 3 Statistical indicators during calibration and validation at monthly scale (1990–2009)

From: Evaluation of reanalysis and global meteorological products in Beas river basin of North-Western Himalaya

Stations Statistical parameter Stations
Manali Thalout Pong Pandoh
MERRA
 Calibration R2 0.75 0.70 0.56 0.68
NSE 0.70 0.55 -0.21 0.61
PBIAS (%) 26.00 30.00 26.34 52.00
RMSE 13.29 152.00 161.09 109.78
 Validation R2 0.69 0.71 0.30 0.75
NSE 0.46 0.55 0.20 0.52
PBIAS (%) 30.00 30.00 1.16 65.00
RMSE 16.40 100.00 101.11 92.65
ERA-Interim
 Calibration R2 0.73 0.74 0.60 0.75
NSE 0.76 0.76 0.30 0.76
PBIAS (%) − 13.78 − 13.78 1.44 15.00
RMSE 8.00 70.45 109.87 78.50
 Validation R2 0.74 0.73 0.35 0.72
NSE 0.77 0.75 0.21 0.73
PBIAS (%) − 13.68 − 14.54 − 10.00 18.00
RMSE 8.00 65.75 98.92 60.76
JRA-55
 Calibration R2 0.58 0.62 0.42 0.63
NSE 0.10 0.32 − 0.12 0.34
PBIAS (%) − 50.00 − 36.75 − 30.67 − 32.78
RMSE 26.40 139.85 155.19 132.00
 Validation R2 0.50 0.60 0.45 0.53
NSE 0.30 0.21 -0.40 0.44
PBIAS (%) − 38.00 − 42.00 − 39.00 − 11.00
RMSE 22.54 138.00 120.11 95.00
CFSR
 Calibration R2 0.41 0.50 0.22 0.51
NSE − 0.65 − 0.51 − 1.10 0.05
PBIAS (%) − 80.87 − 75.43 − 56.37 − 64.00
RMSE 34.08 210.34 220.45 171.24
 Validation R2 0.38 0.53 0.14 0.47
NSE − 0.64 − 0.65 − 2.00 0.13
PBIAS (%) − 76.76 − 80.00 − 68.26 − 56.74
RMSE 30.59 190.65 199.10 121.23
WFDEI
 Calibration R2 0.36 0.43 0.15 0.43
NSE − 1.00 − 0.30 − 2.15 − 0.23
PBIAS (%) − 93.73 − 85.69 − 78.00 − 82.00
RMSE 38.01 218.56 265.31 186.24
 Validation R2 0.28 0.42 0.12 0.36
NSE − 1.16 − 0.40 − 2.30 − 0.17
PBIAS (%) − 93.75 − 87.76 − 82.47 − 82.16
RMSE 32.56 209.97 233.64 137.78