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Table 4 Land-use changes from 1938 to 1999

From: Variation in ecosystem service values in response to land use changes in Zhifanggou watershed of Loess plateau: a comparative study

Land Uses Years
1938 1958 1978 1987 1999
Forest Land-use (hectare) 689.8 1.09 16.98 562.11 618.1
% of Change - −99.84 1457.80 3210.42 9.96
Average Annual % of Change - −4.99 72.89 356.71 0.83
Grassland Land-use (hectare) 97.08 136.69 615.32 96.79 121.85
% of Change - 40.80 350.16 −84.27 25.89
Average Annual % of Change - 2.04 17.51 −9.36 2.16
Cropland Land-use (hectare) 52.19 663.56 170 145.19 93.15
% of Change - 1171.43 −74.38 −14.59 −35.84
Average Annual % of Change - 58.57 −3.72 −1.62 −2.99
Build up Land-use (hectare) 0.00 1.51 2.04 2.47 5.97
% of Change - - 35.10 21.08 141.70
Average Annual % of Change - - 1.75 2.34 11.81
Water body Land-use (hectare) 0.00 3.32 3.32 3.32 0.00
% of Change - - 0.00 0.00 −100.00
Average Annual % of Change - - 0.00 0.00 −8.33
Unused land Land-use (hectare) 0.00 32.89 31.39 29.18 0.00
% of Change - - −4.56 −7.04 −100.00
Average Annual % of Change - - −0.23 −0.78 −8.33