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Table 5 Different tank/vessel material and the corresponding values of water quality indicators as per the studies

From: The effect of household storage tanks/vessels and user practices on the quality of water: a systematic review of literature

Author (Year) Indicator Major tank/vessel material
Polyethylene (PE) Glass-reinforced plastic (GRP) Galvanized iron (GI) Fiber cement Steel metal Glass
Al-Bahrya et al. (2013) TC (cfu/ml) 6 11.5 11    
THPC (cfu/ml) 7 7.5 11    
Akuffo et al. (2013) TC (cfu/100ml)-mean 2.31     2.18  
FC (cfu/100ml)-mean 65.2     49.2  
pH-mean 7.59     7.6  
EC (µS/cm)-mean 102     109  
TDS-mean 66.8     65.1  
Turbidity (NTU)-mean 4.83     7.58  
Schafer and Mihelcic (2012) TC (mpn)-mean 146 147   295   
E. coli (mpn)-mean 33 26   14   
pH-mean 6.82 7.05   6.93   
EC (µS/cm)-mean 0.173 0.193   0.185   
TDS-mean 0.1 0.1   0.1   
Turbidity (NTU)-mean 4.8 6.2   4   
Duru et al. (2013) TC (cfu/ml) 300     800 200
FC (cfu/ml) 200     500 100
THB (cfu/ml) 13,000     14,000 12,000
pH-mean 6.25     6.09 6.25
EC (µS/cm) – mean 0.002     0.003 0.002
TDS-mean 0.003     0.005 0.003
Turbidity (NTU)-mean 1.96     1.98 1.96
Mohanan et al. (2017) THPC (cfu/ml) 269     300 395
pH-mean 13     10 9.8
EC (µS/cm)-mean 122.5     125.7 126.9
TDS-mean 40     60 70
Ogbozige et al. (2018) THB (cfu/100ml)-mean 6700     93  
pH-mean 7.10     7.25  
EC (µS/cm)-mean 403.53     386.76  
  1. TC total coliforms, FC faecal coliforms, THPC total heterotrophic plate count, THB total heterotrophic bacteria, TDS total dissolved solids