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Table 2 River basins and their irrigation and hydropower potential in Ethiopia

From: Natural resource degradation tendencies in Ethiopia: a review

River basin Catchment area (km2) Annual Runoff (BM3) Specific discharge
(l/s/km2)
Potential irrigable land (ha) Gross hydroelectric potential (Gwh/year) Estimated ground water potential (BM3)
Abbay 199,812 52.6 7.8 815,581 78,820 1.80
Awash 112,700 4.9 1.4 134,121 4470 0.14
Baro-Akobo 75,912 23.6 9.7 1,019,523 13,765 0.28
Genale-Dawa 171,042 5.88 1.2 1,074,720 9270 0.14
Mereb 5,900 0.65 3.2 67,560 0.05
Omo-Ghibe 79,000 16.6 6.7 67,928 36,560 0.42
Rift Valley 52,739 5.6 3.4 139,300 800 0.10
Tekeze 82,350 8.2 3.2 83,368 5980 0.20
Wabe-Shebele 202,697 3.16 0.5 237,905 5440 0.07
Afar-Denakil 74,002 0.86 158,776
Ogaden 77,121  
Aysha 2,223  
Total 1,135,498 122.05   3,798,782 155,102 3.20
  1. Source: Compiled from Awulachew et al. (2007) and MoWR (2002)