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Table 5 Multinomial Logit (MNL) model estimation results

From: Factors influencing adoption of improved structural soil and water conservation measures in Eastern Ethiopia

VariableImproved soil bundImproved stone bundImproved check dam
Coef. (Std. Err.)Marginal effectCoef. (Std. Err.)Marginal effectCoef. (Std. Err.)Marginal effect
Sex of household head0.45 (0.72)0.02210.68 (0.45)0.02210.05 (0.08)0.0036
Education level2.64 (0.67)0.0055 ***2.60 (0.58)0.003 ***2.47 (0.56)0.006 ***
Farming experience0.29 (0.11)0.006 ***0.30 (0.15)0.001 **0.24 (0.15)0.002 *
Security of land tenure0.37 (0.88)0.0080.83 (0.80)0.01620.10 (0.70)0.0024
Perception of soil erosion1.54 (1.26)0.0030.86 (1.41)0.01291.68 (1.43)0.037
Extension contact1.93 (0.94)0.0052 **1.22 (0.80)0.01940.01 (0.70)0.0002
Livestock holding− 0.37 (0.32)− 0.0007− 0.31 (0.30)− 0.0049− 0.27 (0.23)− 0.0062
Plot area1.40 (0.52)0.0028 ***1.22 (0.59)0.0184 **1.92 (0.53)0.0426 ***
Plot distance− 0.35 (0.37)− 0.0007− 1.22 (0.59)− 0.001 **− 0.73 (0.40)− 0.0165 *
Slop of the plot2.11 (1.30)0.00431.43 (1.43)0.0215− 4.44 (2.44)− 0.000
Off-farm activities− 3.67 (2.31)0.361− 3.83 (2.40)0.0700.24 (0.26)0.0055
Number of economically active household members0.62 (0.38)0.0013 *0.09 (0.33)0.00132.43 (1.49)0.054
Constant− 4.75 (3.73)− 6.85 (3.28)− 5.08 (3.00)
Observations248248248
Log likelihood118.18118.18118.18
Chi squared134.97 ***134.97 ***134.97 ***
Pseudo R20.360.360.36
  1. Dependent variable = existence of improved structural SWC structure on the farm plot
  2. *, **, *** significant at p < 0.1, p < 0.05, and p < 0.01 probability level, respectively