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Table 4 Land use/land cover change flow matrices for each period (%)

From: Land use and forest cover dynamics in the North-eastern Addis Ababa, central highlands of Ethiopia

  BL AL FR ST WB Row total Losses Net change
1957/1975
 BL 14.4 20.8 2.4 0.9 0.2 38.8 − 24.4 0.5
 AL 2.3 3.8 0.1 0.2 0.1 6.5 − 2.7 45.8
 FR 21.8 26.7 2.2 1.7 0.4 52.8 − 50.6 − 48.1
 ST 0.7 0.7 0.1 0.2 0.0 1.4 − 1.4 1.4
 WB 0.1 0.3 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.5 − 0.4 0.3
 Column total 39.3 52.3 4.7 2.8 0.8 99.9 − 79.4 0.00
 Gains 24.9 48.5 2.5 2.8 0.7 79.4 0.00  
1975/1995
 BL 25.1 7.1 5.3 1.7 0.0 39.3 − 14.1 13
 AL 25 17.7 8.4 1.2 0.0 52.3 − 34.6 − 25.4
 FR 1.3 0.3 3 0.1 0.0 4.7 − 1.7 12.2
 ST 0.9 1.5 0.2 0.2 0.0 2.8 − 2.6 0.4
 WB 0.0 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.8 − 0.1 − 0.1
 Column total 52.3 26.9 16.9 3.3 0.7 100 − 53.2 0.00
 Gains 27.1 9.1 13.9 3.1 0.0 53.2 0.00  
1995/2017
 BL 19.5 23.4 4.3 4.8 0.2 52.3 − 32.7 − 19.5
 AL 9.4 13.5 1.1 2.2 0.7 26.9 − 13.4 16.3
 FR 2.8 4.0 9.5 0.5 0.0 16.9 − 7.4 − 2
 ST 0.9 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.0 3.3 − 3.2 4.4
 WB 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.00 0.9
 Column total 32.7 43.2 14.9 7.6 1.5 100 − 56.7 0.00
 Gains 13.2 29.6 5.4 7.6 0.9 56.7 0.00  
1957/2017
 BL 2.6 24.4 10.7 0.5 0.7 38.8 − 36.2 − 6
 AL 4.7 0.2 0.1 1.6 0.1 6.5 − 6.4 36.7
 FR 25.1 18.7 3.2 5.6 0.3 52.8 − 49.6 − 37.9
 ST 0.4 0.0 1.0 0.2 0.0 1.5 − 1.5 6.2
 WB 0.1 0.01 0.01 0.0 0.5 0.5 0.0 1.0
 Column total 32.7 43.2 14.9 7.7 1.5 100 − 93.7 0.00
 Gains 30.2 43.1 11.7 7.7 1.0 93.7 0.00  
  1. The diagonal elements in italics indicates the persistent of LULC class