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Table 3 Mean physicochemical parameters of sediments

From: Radon emanation and heavy-metals assessment of historical warm and cold springs in Nigeria using different matrices

Sample and parameter No of sample Metals (mg kg−1) Other parameters Pollution indices
(Pb) (Cu) (Fe) (Cd) (Ni) pH Cond (µS) OM (%) N (%) Igeo EF
(Pb) (Cu) (Fe) (Cd) (Ni) (Pb) (Cu) (Fe) (Cd) (Ni)
C1 3 10.80 5.90 1510.0 1.60 2.00 6.51 93.5 0.22 0.045 0.108 0.027 0.0065 1.07 0.0060 1.67 0.41 16.50 0.091
C2 3 9.10 4.80 1245.0 1.65 1.40 6.62 80.8 0.19 0.040 0.091 0.022 0.0057 1.10 0.0042 1.71 0.40 20.63 0.077
C3 3 9.70 6.60 1840.0 1.60 2.60 6.51 93.2 0.17 0.030 0.097 0.030 0.0079 1.07 0.0078 1.23 0.37 13.54 0.097
C4 3 8.30 7.10 1620.0 1.70 1.30 6.51 93.0 0.18 0.035 0.083 0.032 0.0070 1.13 0.0039 1.10 0.45 16.34 0.055
C5 3 5.20 7.20 945.0 0.90 0.70 6.71 70.2 0.20 0.040 0.052 0.032 0.0041 0.60 0.0021 1.29 0.79 14.83 0.051
C6 3 11.10 10.20 1015.0 0.90 0.90 6.71 72.0 0.20 0.040 0.111 0.046 0.0044 0.60 0.0027 2.55 1.04 13.80 0.061
C7 3 9.20 3.80 1650.0 0.90 1.30 6.68 80.8 0.19 0.035 0.092 0.017 0.0071 0.60 0.0039 1.30 0.29 8.49 0.054
C8 3 9.30 4.20 1245.0 1.10 1.40 6.68 80.9 0.19 0.035 0.093 0.019 0.0054 0.74 0.0042 1.74 0.35 13.75 0.077
C9 3 6.70 12.80 1320.0 1.20 1.20 6.15 94.1 0.23 0.050 0.067 0.058 0.0057 0.80 0.0036 1.18 1.01 14.15 0.062
C10 3 7.20 14.10 1445.0 1.10 1.10 6.50 94.6 0.16 0.040 0.072 0.063 0.0062 0.74 0.0033 1.16 1.01   11.85 0.052
W1 3 8.50 6.60 1660.0 0.80 0.80 6.61 80.2 0.18 0.040 0.085 0.030 0.0071 0.54 0.0024 1.20 0.41 7.50 0.033
W2 3 10.10 7.20 1825.0 0.60 0.70 6.68 80.9 0.20 0.035 0.101 0.032 0.0078 1.07 0.0021 1.29 0.41 5.12 0.026
W3 3 10.20 6.80 2010.0 0.80 0.50 6.81 65.3 0.25 0.050 0.102 0.031 0.0086 0.54 0.0015 1.19 0.35 6.10 0.017
W4 3 2.90 6.60 1920.0 0.80 0.30 6.82 64.9 0.23 0.050 0.029 0.037 0.0083 0.54 0.0009 0.35 0.36 6.49 0.011
W5 3 4.60 6.10 1625.0 0.60 1.10 6.89 62.3 0.24 0.040 0.046 0.027 0.0070 0.40 0.0033 0.66 0.39 5.75 0.046
W6 3 9.30 5.80 1770.0 1.50 1.10 6.91 54.2 0.20 0.050 0.093 0.026 0.0076 1.00 0.0033 1.23 0.34 13.19 0.043
W7 3 10.60 6.60 1820.0 1.30 1.30 6.95 54.0 0.18 0.035 0.106 0.030 0.0078 0.87 0.0039 1.36 0.38 11.12 0.049
W8 3 10.40 12.20 1990.0 1.40 1.20 6.51 93.4 0.18 0.030 0.104 0.055 0.0086 0.94 0.0036 1.22 0.64 10.95 0.041
W9 3 9.10 10.20 1020.0 0.90 1.10 6.52 93.0 0.19 0.030 0.091 0.046 0.0044 0.60 0.0033 2.08 1.04 13.74 0.074
W10 3 9.20 7.60 1250.0 0.80 0.90 6.75 69.0 0.19 0.030 0.092 0.034 0.0054 0.54 0.0027 1.71 0.63 9.96 0.049