Skip to main content

Table 5 Factors affect farmers use of soil and water conservation practices (n = 129)

From: Assessment of community based watershed management practices: emphasis on technical fitness of physical structures and its effect on soil properties in Lemo district, Southern Ethiopia

Variables Category Participant N (%) Non-participant N (%) X2
Age (year) 26–64 72 (93.5) 40 (77) 13Ns
> 64 5 (6.5) 12 (23)  
Educational status Illiterate 43 (56) 20 (38)  
Able to read and write 19 (25) 24 (46) 14Ns
Elementary school 12 (15) 3 (6)  
Secondary school 3 (4) 5 (10)  
Family size (number) 1–3 6 (8) 3 (6)  
4–6 29 (38) 13 (25) 10.9Ns
7–9 35 (45) 28 (54)  
≥ 10 7 (9) 8 (15)  
Land size (ha) ≤ .5 4 (5) 28 (54)  
.6–1 23 (30) 10 (19)  
1.1–1.5 25 (32) 6 (11) 17.2***
1.6–2 19 (25) 5 (10)  
> 2 6 (8) 3 (6)  
Land access means Own 67 (87) 38 (73.1)  
Rent 4 (5.2) 6 (11.5) 9.01Ns
Share 6 (7.8) 8 (15.4)  
Cropland slope class Moderate 25 (32) 10 (19) 15.1**
Steep 38 (49) 23 (44)  
Gentle 14 (19) 19 (37)  
Contact with DAs Twice per month 19 (24.7) 7 (13.5)  
Once per month 39 (50.6) 14 (27) 18.7***
Rare per month 18 (23.4) 25 (48)  
Access to train No contact 1 (1.3) 6 (11.5)  
DAs 63 (81.8) 29 (55.8)  
NRM expert 8 (10.4) 7 (13.5)  
NGO 1 (1.3) 5 (9.6) 16.14**
Media 2 (2.6) 5 (9.6)  
Neighbours 3 (3.9) 6 (11.5)  
  1. ns non-significant at P- value  > .05
  2. ** Significant at P- value < 0.05
  3. *** Significant at P- value < 0.001