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Table 1 Mean (± SD) of soil MC, BD and particle size distribution in the soil layer of 0–15 cm across different land use/land cover systems and altitudes

From: Effects of land use change on soil physicochemical properties in selected areas in the North West region of Cameroon

Soil property Altitude Land use types
Virgin forest Virgin savana Farming Park afforestation Grazing land Eucalyptus forest P value
MC (%) High (> 1500 m) 8.69a ± 0.34 6.96ab ± 0.84 5.06b ± 1.33 6.96ab ± 0.84 6.97ab ± 3.31 *
Mid (900–1500 m) 5.55ab ± 1.16 2.78ac ± 0.12 3.90ac ± 0.85 3.49ad ± 0.686 2.42ce ± 1.42 5.83b ± 2.02 *
Low (< 900 m) 6.98a ± .1.984 2.31b ± 0.83 3.03b ± 1.56 2.30b ± 0.83 4.77ab ± 0.68 *
Total 7.07 ± .1.81 4.01 ± 2.26 3.99 ± 1.41 3.49 ± 0.69 3.90 ± .2.438 5.86 ± 2.51 *
BD (g/cm3) High (> 1500 m) 0.51a ± 0.03 0.84b ± 0.09 0.89b ± 0.09 0.84b ± .009 0.756b ± .151 *
Mid (900–1500 m) 0.57a ± 0.11 0.87b ± 0.10 1.11c ± 0.24 0.94bd ± 0.09 1.19c ± 0.17 0.80bd ± .072 *
Low (< 900 m) 0.79a ± 0.11 1.45b ± 0.00 1.08c ± 0.20 1.39b ± 0.08 0.80d ± 0.07 *
Total 0.63 ± 0.15 1.05 ± 0.30 1.04 ± 0.21 0.94 ± 0.09 1.14 ± 0.26 0.78 ± 0.11  
Sand (%) High (> 1500 m) 28.50ab ± 0.58 37.50ab ± 1.95 28.38b ± 7.15 37.50ab ± 1.91 37.0ac ± 5.35 *
Mid (900–1500 m) 36.50a ± 5.80 34.00a ± 6.93 34.50a ± 4.98 36.92a ± 4.46 32.00a ± 4.97 35.4a ± 9.99 NS
Low (< 900 m) 38.00ab ± 0.00 37.00ab ± 0.00 41.88b ± 5.69 31.50ab ± 8.43 35.2ac ± 6.702 *
Total 34.33 ± 5.31 36.17 ± 4.09 34.86 ± 7.67 36.97 ± 4.46 33.67 ± 5.93 36.0 ± 7.427  
Silt (%) High (> 1500 m) 57.00ab ± 0.00 48.00ab ± 2.00 56.13b ± 6.49 48.00ab ± 2.00 48.0ac ± 5.657 *
Mid (900–1500 m) 47.00a ± 5.89 52.00a ± 5.77 48.00a ± 5.94 45.50a ± 4.10 53.00a ± 6.93 49.0a ± 10.7 NS
Low (< 900 m) 43.00ab ± 0.00 47.00ab ± 0.00 42.00b ± 5.76 51.50ab ± 9.15 52.00ac ± 5.29 *
Total 49.00 ± 6.88 49.00 ± 3.91 48.61 ± 7.98 45.50 ± 4.10 50.83 ± 6.46 49.20 ± 7.81  
Clay (%) High (> 1500 m) 14.50a ± 0.58 14.50a ± 1.00 15.12a ± 0.99 14.50a ± 1.00 14.63a ± 2.77 NS
Mid (900–1500 m) 16.25a ± 2.87 13.50a ± 1.73 17.17a ± 2.69 17.25a ± 3.77 14.75a ± 2.75 15.25a ± 2.96 NS
Low (< 900 m) 18.50a ± 0.58 16.00ab ± 0.00 16.00ab ± 1.69 16.75ab ± 2.22 12.7b ± 3.50 *
Total 16.42 ± 2.31 14.67 ± 0.50 16.25 ± 2.17 17.25 ± 3.77 15.33 ± 2.18 14.50 ± 2.98  
  1. Means in the same row followed by the same letters (a, b or c) are not significantly different at 1% significance
  2. NS non significance, MC moisture content, BD bulk density
  3. * Significant at P < 0.01