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Table 4 Ingredients of fuels

From: Engine drive and environmental characteristics when fuel mixed with waste cooking oil is used for a small diesel engine

List Unit WCO0 WCO15 Reference
Density (15 °C) g/cm3 0.86 0.84 JIS K2249
Kinetic viscosity (40 °C) mm2/S 1.7 3.74 JIS K2283
10% residual carbon of residual oil (always pressure method) Mass% 0.1 1.9 JIS K2270
Cetane index 45 50 JIS K2280
Sulfur content Mass% 0.001 0.001 JIS K2541
Flash point (Pensky Martens closed method) °C 45 56 JIS K2265-3
Moisture mg/kg 495 483 JIS K2275
Sulfated ash Mass% 0.01 0.01 JIS K2272
Solid impurities mg/kg 13.1 13.9 EN 12662
Copper plate corrosion (50 °C, 3 h)   1 1 JIS K2513
Oxidative stability 0 0 EN14112
Acid value mgKOH/g 0.12 2.30 JIS K0070
Iodine value 0 20.6 JIS K0070
Fatty acid methyl esters Mass% 0 0 EN 14103
Linolenic acid methyl ester Mass% 0 0
Polyunsaturated fatty acid methyl ester Mass% 0 0
Monoglyceride Mass% 0.1 0.1 EN 14105
Diglycerides Mass% 0.1 0.1
Triglyceride Mass% 0.01 0.1
Free glycerol Mass% 0 0
All glycerin Mass% 0 0
Methanol Mass% 0.01 0.06 EN 14110
Metal (Na) mg/kg 0 0 EN 14538
Metal (K) mg/kg 0 0 EN 14538
Metal (Ca) mg/kg 0 0 EN 14538
Metal (Mg) mg/kg 0 0 EN 14538
Phosphorus mg/kg 0 0 EN 14107
Pour point °C − 30 − 18 JIS K2269
Clogging point °C − 19 − 10 JIS K2288
Distillation characteristics 90% distillation temperature °C 330 351 JIS K2254