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Table 3 Farm and economic structure of agroforestry and non-farm income generating activity adopters and non-adopters (t test for continuous variables)

From: Agroforestry and farm income diversification: synergy or trade-off? The case of Ethiopia

Variables Total N = 136 Agroforestry adopters and non-adopters Non-farm income diversification activity adopters and non-adopters
Adopters N1 = 94 Non adopter N2 = 42 t tatistics Adopters N1 = 71 Non adopters N2 = 65 t statistics
RESPOAGE 43.985 (10.12) 44.277 (10.381) 43.333 (9.624) 0.999 43.746 (9.867) 42.615 (10.86) 0.636
FSIZE 5.743 (1.558) 5.723 (1.513) 5.786 (1.675) 0.214 5.465 (1.548) 6.046 (1.525) 2.203**
DEPRATIO 0.378 (0.201) 0.378 (0.205) 0.379 (0.195) 0.043 0.359 (0.212) 0.399 (0.189) 1.192
PROPOSTUDENT 0.420 (0.213) 0.457 (0.184) 0.339 (0.251) 3.052*** 0.454 (0.199) 0.383 (0.222) 1.968**
AVHOMEDISTA 61.106 (54.94) 56.297 (54.607) 71.869 (54.802) 1.534 48.654 (47.075) 74.707 (59.86) 2.833***
AVMARKETDISTA 165.232 (148.98) 149.953 (148.37) 199.429 (146.343) 1.804* 129.045 (124.6) 204.759 (163.67) 3.050***
AVROADISTA 142.332 (138.13) 125.529 (134.80) 179.941 (139.703) 2.150** 110.72 (117.76) 176.86 (150.88) 2.862***
FARMSIZE 2.037 (0.841) 2.163 (0.829) 1.757 (0.810) 2.658*** 2.109 (0.739) 1.959 (0.940) 1.036
NONCROPFARM 0.044 (0.123) 0.049 (0.131) 0.030 (0.105) 0.826 0.056 (0.149) 0.03 (0.087) 1.210
NUMOX 2.595 (1.077) 2.776 (1.099) 2.190 (0.917) 3.017*** 2.69 (1.022) 2.492 (1.133) 1.070
TOTLIVESTOKVAL 17553.5 (8066.05) 19338.0 (8059.7) 13559.74 (6575.58) 4.076*** 18994 (7510.16) 15980.14 (8410.23) 2.207**
TOTOFFORNONFARMY 3596.06 (5260.70) 4446.38 (5733.5) 1692.95 (3345.189) 2.896***
LNEQUEXPER 1.683 (0.864) 2.002 (0.616) 1.335 (0.962) 4.853***
  1. ***, **, * shows the significance level at 1, 5, and 10%