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Table 2 Socio-demographic characteristics of agroforestry and Non-farm income generating activity adopters (Pearson chi-square test for categorical variables)

From: Agroforestry and farm income diversification: synergy or trade-off? The case of Ethiopia

Variables Total N = 136 Agroforestry adopters and non-adopters Non-farm income diversification activity adopters and non-adopters
Adopters N1 = 94 (69%) Non adopter N2 = 42 (31%) χ2-statistics Adopters N1 = 71 (52.2%) Non adopters N2 = 65 (47.79%) χ2-statistics
DAMBOMESK 24.26 29.79 11.90 5.051** 30.99 16.92 3.651**
DKUDMI 25.74 25.53 26.19 0.006 23.94 27.69 0.249
DBACHIMA 25.00 23.40 28.57 0.413 22.04 26.65 0.481
DGORAGOT 25.00 21.28 33.33 2.250 22.54 27.69 0.489
DMALE 72.79 84.04 46.03 19.446*** 81.69 63.08 5.936**
DUEDU1 33.82 27.66 47.62 5.167** 23.94 44.62 6.478**
DUEDU2 32.30 34.04 38.10 0.208 33.21 31.38 0.004
DUEDU3 35.29 41.49 21.43 5.115** 43.66 26.15 4.554**
DOFFORNONFARM 52.21 71.28 9.52 44.366***
AGROECUDUM 94.37 41.54 39.54**
CREDITDUM 20.48 19.51 21.43 0.001 21.43 21.54 0.002
DULANDRIGHT 49.26 56.38 33.33 6.170** 59.15 38.46 5.813**
  1. ***, **, * shows the significance level at 1, 5, and 10%