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Table 5 LULC transformation matrixes in the Gelana sub watershed between 1964 and 2014

From: Land use/land cover changes and their environmental implications in the Gelana sub-watershed of Northern highlands of Ethiopia

Changed from Changed to 1964–1986 1986–2014
Ha % ha %
Changed from Changed to Ha % ha %
Forest Forest 387 10.71 178 23.77
  Shrub land 1751 48.46 287 38.32
  Cultivated and rural settlement 1126 31.17 251 33.51
  Grass land 319 8.83 28 3.74
  Bare land 26 0.72 5 0.66
  Urban built up area 4 0.11 0 0
  Wet land 0 0 0 0
Shrub land Forest 170 6.29 880 18.67
  Shrub land 1379 51.02 1995 42.33
  Cultivated and rural settlement 894 33.07 1465 31.08
  Grass land 220 8.14 303 6.43
  Bare land 39 1.44 70 1.49
  Urban built up area 1 0.04 0 0
  Wet land 0 0 0 0
Cultivated and rural settlement Forest 154 0.89 157 0.87
  Shrub land 1368 7.9 725 4.04
  Cultivated and rural settlement 15,435 89.21 16,283 90.77
  Grass land 278 1.61 282 1.57
  Bare land 21 0.12 229 1.28
  Urban built up area 46 0.27 261 1.46
  Wet land 0 0 1 0.01
Grass land Forest 37 6.51 114 12.81
  Shrub land 179 31.52 311 34.94
  Cultivated and rural settlement 266 46.83 308 34.61
  Grass land 66 11.62 118 13.26
  Bare land 20 3.52 38 4.27
  Urban built up area 0 0 1 0.11
  Wet land 0 0 0 0
Bare land Forest 1 0.97 21 19.63
  Shrub land 36 34.95 30 28.04
  Cultivated and rural settlement 58 56.31 35 32.71
  Grass land 7 6.8 13 12.15
  Bare land 1 0.97 8 7.47
  Urban built up area 0 0 0 0
  Wet land 0 0 0 0
Urban built up area Forest 0 0 0 0
  Shrub land 0 0 0 0
  Cultivated and rural settlement 0 0 0 0
  Grass land 0 0 0 0
  Bare land 0 0 0 0
  Urban built up area 22 100 73 100
  Wet land 0 0 0 0
Wet land Forest 0 0 1 0.2
  Shrub land 0 0 0 0
  Cultivated and rural settlement 159 24.05 193 38.45
  Grass land 0 0 0 0
  Bare land 0 0 8 1.59
  Urban built up area 0 0 0 0
  Wet land 502 75.95 300 59.76