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Table 4 Trends of LULC changes in the Gelana sub watershed, Northern highlands of Ethiopia

From: Land use/land cover changes and their environmental implications in the Gelana sub-watershed of Northern highlands of Ethiopia

LULC type Trends of LULC changes
1964–1986 1986–2014 1964–2014
Area (ha) % change Rate of change (%/year) Area (ha) % change Rate of change (%/year) Area (ha) % change Rate of change (%/year)
Forest −2864 −79.27 −3.6 602 80.37 2.87 −2262 −62.61 −1.25
Shrub land 2010 74.36 3.38 −1365 −28.96 −1.03 645 23.86 0.48
Cultivated and rural settlement 636 3.68 0.17 597 3.33 0.12 1233 7.13 0.14
Grass land 322 56.69 2.58 −146 −16.40 −0.59 176 30.99 0.62
Bare land 4 3.88 0.18 251 234.58 8.38 255 247.57 4.95
Urban built up area 51 231.82 10.54 262 358.90 12.82 313 1422.73 28.45
Wet land −159 −24.05 −1.09 −201 −40.04 −1.43 −360 −54.46 −1.09