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Fig. 5 | Environmental Systems Research

Fig. 5

From: Heuristic assessment of bridge scour sensitivity using differential evolution: case study for linking floodplain encroachment and bridge scour

Fig. 5

HEC-RAS modeled bridge with no encroachments (a), with encroachments (b), and schematic showing removal of floodplain constrictions (c). For the location corresponding to the ith component of the decision vector, \(\vec{x}_{i}=0\) specifies no relaxation of the constriction, i.e. no flow is permitted to access the floodplain. \(\vec{x}_{i}=1\) specifies full floodplain access, ie. no encroachments

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