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Table 5 Binary logit models on factors influencing some operational habits exhibited by farmers during and after application of pesticides

From: Pesticides exposure and the use of personal protective equipment by cocoa farmers in Ghana

Variables Operational habits (marginal effects)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5 Model 6 Model 7 Model 8 Model 9 Model 10 Model 11
Talking Receiving visitors Singing Chewing gum and sticks Stirring with bare hands Drinking water and alcohol Whistling Smoking cigarette/tobacco Eating food Removing blockage with the mouth Washing of personal protective equipment
Gender −0.023 (0.564) −0.029 (0.723) 0.002 (0.597) 0.015 (0.736) −0.026 (0.783) 0.033 (0.772) −0.002 (0.460) 0.022 (0.321) −0.350 (0.061) −0.090 (0.396) −0.039 (0.562)
Age 0.005 (0.016)* 0.018 (0.000)** 0.000 (0.188) 0.005 (0.025)* 0.014 (0.002)** 0.030 (0.000)** −0.000 (0.762) 0.007 (0.000)** 0.027 (0.002)** 0.019 (0.000)** 0.013 (0.000)**
Educational level 0.013 (0.477) 0.120 (0.000)** −0.002 (0.287) −0.020 (0.317) 0.034 (0.408) 0.167 (0.001)** 0.000 (0.722) 0.004 (0.671) 0.056 (0.401) −0.015 (0.731) −0.009 (0.741)
Farming experience 0.003 (0.028)* 0.011 (0.000)** 0.003 (0.000)** −0.009 (0.000)** −0.025 (0.000)** 0.012 (0.000)** −0.001 (0.000)** −0.010 (0.000)** 0.059 (0.000)** 0.008 (0.003)** 0.007 (0.000)**
Extension contact 0.026 (0.413) −0.073 (0.234) 0.003 (0.253) 0.125 (0.000)** −0.070 (0.362) −0.090 (0.263) 0.001 (0.664) 0.026 (0.206) 0.013 (0.902) 0.167 (0.029)* 0.185 (0.001)**
Member of FBO −0.045 (0.301) 0.181 (0.022)* 0.031 (0.003)** −0.064 (0.192) 0.160 (0.032)* 0.056 (0.773) 0.001 (0.214) −0.101 (0.002)** −0.019
(0.866)
0.132 (0.115) 0.108 (0.037)*
Constant −1.128 (0.502) −3.278 (0.016) −17.332 (0.000) 5.042 (0.002) 2.527 (0.040) −7.564 (0.000) 9.805 (0.019) −3.456 (0.058) 14.873 (0.000) 3.861 (0.000) 3.761 (0.008)
Log likelihood −68.441 −95.816 −37.219 −77.542 −103.170 −125.222 −41.359 −71.382 −50.654 −136.155 −94.165
LR chi2 19.16 73.81 231.09 67.51 96.34 78.99 194.51 100.18 229.00 51.53 70.04
Prob > chi2 0.004**   0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000** 0.000**
Pseudo R2 0.123 0.278 0.756 0.303 0.318 0.240 0.698 0.412 0.693 0.159 0.271
  1. Values in parenthesis are p values
  2. *, ** are significant levels at 5 and 1 % probabilities, respectively