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Table 2 List of some sacred plants in Hindu mythology

From: Conservation and management of sacred groves, myths and beliefs of tribal communities: a case study from north-India

S. No. Scientific name Local name Family Beliefs/uses
1 Aegle marmelos (L.) Corr. Bail Rutaceae Ritual/medicine/sacred
2 Artemisia nilgirica (Clarke) Kunju Compositae Ritual
3 Atrocarpus heterophyllus Lamk. Theibong Moraceae Ritual
4 Azadirachta indica Neem Meliaceae Ritual/medicinal
5 Blumea balsamifera (L.) DC. Bari ilaichi Compositae Ritual/medicine
6 Betula utilis Bhoj patra Betulaceae Ritual/sacred
7 Calotropis procera (Ait.) R. Br. Aak Asclepiadaceae Rituals
8 Cedrus deodara Deodar Pinaceae Sacred
9 Cynodon dactylon Pers. Dhoob Poaceae Ritual
10 Datura stramonium Datura Solanaceae Ritual/medicinal
11 Desmostachya bipinnata Kush Gramineae Ritual
12 Elaeocarpus Ganitrus Roxb. Rudraksha Eleocarpaceae Sacred/Ritual
13 Emblica officinalis Amla Phyllanthaceae Sacred/medicinal
14 Erythrina indica Lam. Paribhadraka Faboideae Ritual
15 Ficus benghalensis Bargad Moraceae Ritual/sacred
16 Ficus religiosa Peepal Moraceae Sacred
17 Mangifera indica L. Mango Anacardiaceae Ritual
18 Musa paradisica Banana Musaceae Ritual
19 Ocimum sanctum L. Tulsi Lamiaceae Sacred/medicinal
20 Pinus roxburghii Chir Pinaceae Ritual
21 Princepia utilis Bhakel Rosaceae Ritual
22 Prosopis cineraria Khachri Leguminosae Rituals
23 Prunus cerasoides Paiya Rosaceae Rituals
24 Punica granatum Daru Lythraceae Ritual
25 Santalum album Sandal Santalaceae Ritual
26 Saussurea obvallata BramKamal Asteraceae Sacred
27 Terminalia arjuna (Roxb.) Arjun Combretaceae Ritual/medicine
28 Toona ciliata M. Roem. Tun Meliaceae Ritual
29 Xanthoxylum achanothopodum Timoor Rutaceae Sacred/Rituals/medicine
30 Zanthoxylum armatum Timoor Rutaceae Ritual/medicine
31 Quercus leucotrichophora Oak Fagaceae Sacred